Training
Module 1

Safety

Training Module 1 – Safety Overview
It is essential to understand and practice safety first. No matter your working environment, there are always safety elements that need to be considered, understood and implemented. In this module you will learn the basics of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety requirements, the employers responsibility in regards to safety provisions as well as how to operate a forklift safely.

What is the OSHA?

The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) is the leading occupational safety and health legislation. The primary aim of the OHSA is to provide for the health and safety of persons at work and for the health and safety of persons in connection with the use of plant and machinery as well as the protection of persons. Essentially, the OSHA covers your physical and psychological health, what you are entitled to as an employee as well as what the employer is responsible for in terms of health and safety.

3 quick points on why the OHSA is important to you

  • Globally, nearly 3 million serious workplace injuries and illnesses were reported by private industry employers in 2012.
  • On average, nearly 12 workers die every day.
  • Nearly 5000 workers were killed in 2013 alone.
Understanding Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires that employers protect you, the employee from any hazards in workplace that will cause accident, injury, illness or death. The best way to protect all personal and employees is to be able to control and handle any hazard at its core. As much as common sense does apply, it is essential to learn the best and common practice of safety checks and being vigilant. Understand that it is your employers responsibility to provide you with personal protective equipment (PPE) as well as to ensure that this PPE is in perfect working order. PPE equipment must worn at all times to minimize exposure to a variety of hazards.

Examples of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Some common examples of PPE are:

Gloves, foot protection and eye protection, protective hearing protection (earplugs, muffs), hard hats, safety harnesses, reflective gear, respirators, Metatarsal foot protection, Rubber boots with steel toes, non-prescription eye protection, prescription eyewear inserts/lenses, full face respirators goggles, face shields and full body suits. The standard makes clear that employers cannot require workers to provide their own PPE, and if the worker does provide this, the employer needs to ensure that the equipment is adequate and safe in order to protect the worker from any hazards at the workplace.

Forklift Safety
There are many factors that contribute to unsafe and hazardous situations when operating a forklift. Site or warehouse conditions – Any construction site or warehouse that is cluttered, untidy and hard to navigate. Unclear markings and loosely placed equipment, any person not adhering to safety protocol. Light conditions – reducing visibility. For example, poor lighting, sunstrike, overcast or fading light and night time. Weather conditions – Reduced friction on rain wet surface may affect steering and braking resulting in loss of control. Wet roads that cause slipping. Road conditions – Stability may be affected by camber, gradient or uneven and rough surfaces such as potholes. Road Users – Traffic, construction trucks and vehicles, pedestrians and carry vans.
Driving with a load
It is essential to double or triple check how well the load on your forklift is secured and fastened. Spread the weight of the load evenly to avoid weight shifting and unbalance. Ensure the load does not block your vision. Do not overload the forklift, adhere to the maximum loading weight specified on your forklift. Remember that loads must be secured to the vehicle when travelling on a public road.
Precautions when Loading or Unloading Trucks
Before offloading the items from your forklift and before adding items, make sure the truck is parked in a safe and level position. Be sure to double check that the truck driver has applied the necessary brakes and hand brakes to avoid the truck moving. The truck driver must remain in a safe and visible position. Always look out for traffic and pedestrians and use warning cones or flashing safety lights if needed. Use a safety person or safety crew if needed and ensure they all use hi-viz vests to improve visibility.
Forklift Inspection Check list

Ensure that the following check list has been completed before operating a forklift. (Memorizing this check list is highly suggested.)

  • Tyres for damage.
  • Wheels for cracks.
  • Wheel nuts for security.
  • Broken fork arms.
  • Carriage & fork arms for any cracks or damage.
  • Licence label.
  • Registration plate.
  • Mirrors.
  • Load stability & security.
  • Visibility past load.
Safety when Loading and Unloading on the Road Checklist

It is highly recommended to have another person or persons to monitor and look out for pedestrians and traffic.Use the following check list for best safety practice when loading and unloading on the road:

  • Clear markers such as reflective gear or flashing lights.
  • Traffic management strategies for minimising road user and pedestrian interference.
  • Maintain a safe look out.
  • Utilize mirrors for safe vision and full visibility.
  • Use visible indicators when turning.
  • Utilize hooter to warn traffic or other vehicles.
  • Title mast back sufficiently to stabilise the load.
  • Manoeuver the forklift so that the fork and rear end swing minimises the risk of injury to property or pedestrians.
Road Driving Safety Checklist
  • Chose the direction of travel ensuring vision is unimpeded at all times.
  • Ensure safe traffic management practices when travelling.
  • Reduce speed when travelling over uneven road surfaces.
  • Position forks 150 mm above the ground.
  • Maintain load stability at all times.
  • Approach corners and turns with caution.
  • Reduce speed when nearing off load area.
Parking on a Road Safety Checklist
  • Forks on the ground in a safe position.
  • Select the neutral gear.
  • Apply the park brake.
  • Turn off the master switch.
  • Shut the main gas valve as appropriate.
  • Remove keys.
  • Double check the secure position of the forklift.
Parking and Shutting Down Safety Checklist
  • Apply parking brake.
  • Fork tips touching ground.
  • Steering wheels straight ahead.
  • LPG valve closed (if fitted).
  • Battery switch turned off (if fitted).
  • Key removed and forklift secured.
  • Obey parking signs and regulations.

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